The two most popular frameworks for building cross-platform mobile apps are React Native and Flutter. These titans are supported by Facebook and Google, two of the largest tech businesses in the world. According to Statista, there are more than 6.0 billion mobile users worldwide, and 42% of developers will pick Flutter vs. 38% who will choose React for creating apps. Cordova, the third most popular framework, is only selected by 16% of users. More than 2 million developers have used Flutter, and 500,000 do so monthly. Although the numbers are awe-inspiring, many depend on how popular mobile apps are with users.
What is React Native?
What is Flutter?
Google developed the Flutter cross-platform user interface framework. Since its original release in May 2017, Flutter’s popularity has continuously increased. With it, businesses must maintain one codebase when developing apps for many platforms. The time and resources involved in developing and maintaining such software significantly decrease.
The Differences Between React Native And Flutter
React Native and Flutter share many similarities, but they are also quite different in a handful of key ways.
Documentation Both Flutter and React Native have the best documentation materials. The development of apps is made simple for programmers by these recommendations. React Native’s documentation is less well-organized because it primarily relies on community-developed dependent libraries. The documentation for Flutter is well-produced, organized, and comprehensive. In contrast, React Native’s documentation requires some explanation.
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Comparison: React Native Vs. Flutter
We’ll compare React Native Vs. Flutter, explore what makes each framework so special, and discover why they’re highly sought-after. The comparison will be based on the Performance, Libraries and Packages, Community, and File Structure.
It’s difficult to say whether a Flutter or React Native app performs better. There are numerous aspects to consider, like the type of app, codebase, animations, transitions, app size, layout, data passing, the end user’s phone, and more, so it will be different for every app. Both frameworks use hot reloading, which speeds up development by allowing you to see changes as soon as they are made.
With the help of their developer and user communities, Flutter and React Native can keep enhancing their performance. On performance, Flutter narrowly prevails right now.
The Flutter and React Native communities are thriving, with numerous conferences, hackathons, and events occurring every year.
It is impossible to overstate the breadth of the community and communication avenues where you may interact with professionals and obtain assistance with your development-related question.
Here is a comparison of each tool’s most popular communication routes in more detail:
|Number of Apps||33k||24k|
|Github Issues||1,899(21,181 Closed)||10,871(61,383 Closed)|
As you can see, the Flutter community has expanded more than the React Native community, which is significant since it indicates that Flutter developers are actively fixing more problems. You may get a sense of the speed and assiduity with which unresolved issues reported by developers are being handled by just looking at closed GitHub issues.
N/B: Every Data/Information are gained from Statista, Stack Overflow Survey, and Google Trend.
Statista’s most recent study states that Flutter will be the top cross-platform mobile development framework in 2021. React Native falls short of Flutter by 4% (42% versus 38% for Flutter). However, it’s accurate to claim that both technologies are used almost equally. Hopefully, statistics for 2022 will be out soon.
Cross-platform mobile frameworks employed by developers worldwide in 2019 and 2020. Source: Statista
As of 2021, Flutter was leading the race for “Cross-platform mobile framework used by developers” on Statista. But there is a current survey made for both frameworks on the recently conducted Stack Overflow Survey, and it includes 2022 statistics as well.
According to the statistics obtained from Stack Overflow Survey, in terms of usage and popularity, Flutter was on the verge of surpassing React Native in 2021. With 0.96%, React Native took precedence over Flutter in 2021.
In 2022, Flutter has overthrown React Native in the popularity contest. So that technology has taken the lead.
In the Stack Overflow Survey 2022, Flutter beats React Native in the category “Most Popular Technology - Other Frameworks.”
A close struggle between the two is evident from results from Google Trends. Flutter overtook React Native for the first time in over two years in April 2020 and has maintained that position through 2022.
Worldwide React Native (blue) and Flutter (red) quality trend (2019–2022). Source: Google Trends
The code structure in this part should look extremely familiar if you are already familiar with React for the web. Similar to how React projects are set up, React Native projects follow the same architecture:
The widget-based architecture of Flutter is highly distinctive when compared to conventional programming paradigms. Once you comprehend how it operates, it becomes automatic.
When To Apply Either Framework
React Native and Flutter are substantial for fast styling and easy mobile app development. However, it is best to know when to use the different frameworks in developing one’s project.
When to use React Native
- You can transit back and forth from a web application to a mobile application, having a single tech stack.
- You need to locate a team of React Native engineers quickly (unlike Flutter developers, who are currently harder to find).
When To Use Flutter
Flutter will function properly if:
- Your financial resources are limited (no need to have multiple teams for native Android and iOS development)
- You must quickly release your goods (short deadline)
- Pixel-perfect designs and other elements that make a superb UI are what you wish to have.
- For your users, you must offer a cross-platform experience (mobile, desktop, etc.)
A TIP FROM THE EDITOR: Compare how React Native and Flutter do notifications by reading our Push Notifications In Flutter With Native Notify and Mobile Push Notifications With Firebase articles.